(a) Journals

Ben-Hasan A., Christensen V. 2019. Vulnerability of the marine ecosystem to climate change impacts in the Arabian Gulf—an urgent need for more research. Global Change and Conservation

Bevilacqua, A., Angelini, R., Steenbeek, J., Christensen, V., Carvalho, A. 2019. Following the fish: the subsistence role in a fish-based value chain. Ecological Economics.

Lotze, H.K., Tittensor, D.P., … Christensen, V. … et al. 2019. Global ensemble projections reveal trophic amplification of ocean biomass declines with climate change. PNAS, in press.

Mensah, E. T. D., Dankwa, H. R., Lauridsen, T. L., Trolle, D., Asmah, R., Campion, B. B., Edziyieet, R., Christensen, V. 2019. Mass balance model of Lake Volta fisheries: The use of Ecopath model. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, 8(2), vii–9.

Montero, L.C., Christensen, V., Sieyro A.B., González,Y.P., Jiménez-Alvarado, D. and Castro, J.J.2019. Temporal and spatial predictions of impacts of alternative fishing policies for the Gran Canaria marine ecosystem. J. Fish. Biol. In press.

Ben-Hasan, A., Walters, C., Christensen, V., Al-Husainib, M., Al-Foudari, H. 2018. Is reduced freshwater flow in Tigris-Euphrates rivers driving fish recruitment changes in the Northern Arabian Gulf? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 129(1): 1-7.

Ben-Hasan, A., Walters, C., Louton, R., Christensen, V., Sumaila, U.R. Al-Foudari, H. 2018. Fishing-effort response dynamics in fisheries for short-lived invertebrates. Ocean and Coastal Management, 165:33-38.

Teh, L.S., Cheung, W.W., Christensen, V., Sumaila, U.R., 2018. Can we meet the Target? Status and future trends for fisheries sustainability. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 29, 118–130.

Tierney, K.M., Heymans, J.J., Muir, G.K.P., Cook, G.T., Buszowski, J., Jeroen Steenbeek, Walters, W.J., Christensen, V., MacKinnon, G., Howe, J.A., Xu, S., 2018. Modelling marine trophic transfer of radiocarbon (14C) from a nuclear facility. Environmental Modelling Software 102, 138–154.

Vilalta-Navas, A., Beas, R., Calderon-Aguilera, L., Ladah, L., Micheli, F., Christensen, V., Torre, J. 2018. A mass-balanced food web model for kelp forest ecosystems at their southern distributional limit in the northern hemisphere. Food Webs, 16, e00091.

Walters, W., Christensen, V. 2018. Analyzing concentration of contaminants and radioisotopes in an aquatic spatial-dynamic food web model. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 181: 118-127.

Tittensor, Derek P., …, Christensen, Villy, a.o. (2018). A protocol for the intercomparison of marine fishery and ecosystem models: Fish-MIP v1.0. Geoscientific Model Development11:1421-1442.

Corrales, X., Coll, M., Ofir, E., Piroddi, C., Goren, M., Edelist, D., Heymans, J.J., Steenbeek, J., Christensen, V., Gal, G., 2017. Hindcasting the dynamics of an Eastern Mediterranean marine ecosystem under the impacts of multiple stressors. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 580: 17–36.

Nielsen, J.R., …, Christensen, V., et al. 2018. Integrated Ecological-Economic Fisheries Models – Evaluation, Review and Challenges for Implementation. Fish and Fisheries, 19: 1-29.

Piroddi, C., Coll, M., Liquete, C., Moy, D.M. Greer, K., Buszowski, J., Steenbeek, J., Danovaro, R., Christensen, V. 2017. Historical changes of the Mediterranean Sea ecosystem: modelling the role and impact of primary productivity and fisheries changes over time. Scientific Reports, 7:44491,

Majluf, P., S. de la Puente, V. Christensen. 2017. The little fish that can feed the world. Fish and Fisheries. 4:772-777

Vasslides, J.M., de Mutsert, K. Christensen, V., Townsend, H. 2017. Using the Ecopath with Ecosim modelling approach to understand the effects of watershed-based management actions in coastal ecosystems. Coastal Management, 45(1): 1-12

Bevilacqua, A.H.V., Carvalho, A.R., Angelini, R., Christensen, V., 2016. More than anecdotes: Fishers’ ecological knowledge can fill gaps for ecosystem modeling. PLoS ONE 11(5), e0155655.

Coll, M., Steenbeek, J., Sole, J., Palomera, I., Christensen, V. 2016. Modelling the cumulative spatial-temporal effects of environmental factors and fishing in a NW Mediterranean marine ecosystem. Ecological Modelling, 331:100-114.

De Mutsert, K., J. Steenbeek, K. Lewis, J. Buszowski, J.H. Cowan, Jr., and V. Christensen. 2016. Exploring effects of hypoxia on fish and fisheries in the northern Gulf of Mexico using a dynamic spatially-explicit ecosystem model. Ecological Modelling, 331: 142-150.

Heymans, J.J., Coll, M., Link, J.S., Mackinson, S., Steenbeek, J., Walters, C.J., Christensen, V., 2016. Best practice in developing, balancing, fitting and using Ecopath with Ecosim food-web models for ecosystem-based management, obtaining ecosystem baselines and testing theoretical ecological hypotheses. Ecological Modelling, 331: 173-184

Eddy, T.D., Lotze, H.K., Fulton, E.A., Coll, M., Ainsworth, C.H., de Araújo, J.N., Bulman, C.M., Bundy, A. Christensen, V., Field, J.C., Gribble, N.A., Hasan, M., Mackinson, S., Townsend, H. 2017. Ecosystem effects of invertebrate fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, 18:40-53.

Steenbeek J., Buszowski J, Christensen V, Akoglu E, Aydin K, Ellis N, Felinto D, Guitton J, Lucey S, Kearney K, Mackinson S, Pan M, Platts M, Walters C. 2016. Ecopath with Ecosim as a model-building toolbox: source code capabilities, extensions, and variations. Ecological Modelling, 319: 178-189

Walters, C., Christensen, V., Fulton, B., Smith, A.D.M., Hilborn, R., 2016. Predictions from simple predator-prey theory about impacts of harvesting forage fishes. Ecological Modelling 337, 272–280.

Christensen, V., 2015. Fishing Down through the Food Web. Fisheries 40, 370–372.

Christensen, V, M Coll, J Buszowski, WWL Cheung, T Frölicher, J Steenbeek, CA Stock, RA Watson and CJ Walters. 2015. The global ocean is an ecosystem: Simulating marine life and fisheries. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24:507-517.

Coll, M., Akoglu, E., Arreguín-Sánchez, F., Fulton, E.A., Gascuel, D., Heymans, J.J., Libralato, S., Mackinson, S., Palomera, I., Piroddi, C., Shannon, L., Steenbeek, J. Villasante, S., and Christensen, V.2015. Modelling dynamic ecosystems: venturing beyond boundaries with the Ecopath approach. Reviews in Fish and Fisheries25(2): 413-424

Colléter M, Valls A, Guitton J, Gascuel D, Pauly D, and Christensen V. 2015. Global overview of the applications of the Ecopath with Ecosim modeling approach using the EcoBase model repository. Ecological Modelling, 302:42-53.

Link, J.S., F. Pranovi, S. Libralato, M. Coll, V. Christensen, C. Solidoro, E. Fulton. 2015. Emergent properties delineate marine ecosystem perturbation and recovery. TREE30(11): 649-661.

Montero, L.C., V. Christensen, and J.J. Castro. 2015. Effects of small-scale and recreational fisheries on the Canary Islands ecosystem. Ecological Modelling, 312:61-76.

Piroddi, C., M. Coll, J. Steenbeek, D.M. Moya, and V. Christensen. 2015. Modelling the Mediterranean marine ecosystem as a whole: addressing the challenge of complexity. MEPS533:47-65

Ramírez, A., Ortiz, M., Steenbeek, J., Christensen, V., 2015. Evaluation of the effects on rockfish and kelp artisanal fisheries of the proposed Mejillones Peninsula marine protected area (northern Chile, SE Pacific coast). Ecological Modelling297, 141–153.

Valls, A., Coll, M., & Christensen, V. 2015. Keystone species: toward an operational concept for marine biodiversity conservation. Ecological Monographs, 85(1), 29–47.

Zetina-Rejón, M., Cabrera-Neri, E., López-Ibarra, G.A., Arcos-Huitrón, E., Christensen, V. 2015. Trophic modeling of the continental shelf ecosystem outside of Tabasco, Mexico: A network and modularity analysis. Ecological Modelling,313:314-324

Christensen, V, M Coll, J Steenbeek, J Buszowski, D Chagaris, and CJ Walters. 2014. Representing variable habitat quality in a spatial food web model. Ecosystems17(8): 1397-1412

Christensen, V, M Coll, C Piroddi, J Steenbeek, J Buszowski, and D Pauly. 2014. Biomass of predatory fish in the world ocean: a century of decline. Marine Ecology Progress Series512:155-166.

Christensen, V., S De la Puente, JC Sueiro, J Steenbeek, P Majluf. 2014. Valuing seafood: The Peruvian fisheries sector. Marine Policy, 44:302-311.

Gurney, L., Pakhomov, E.A., Christensen, V. 2014. An ecosystem model of the Prince Edward Island Archipelago. Ecol. Model.294:117-136

Marques, A., Pereira, H.M., Krug, C., Leadley, P.W., Visconti, P., Januchowski-Hartley, S.R., Krug, R.M., Alkemade, R., Bellard, C., Cheung, W.L., Christensen, V., Cooper, H.D., Hirsch, T., Hoft, R., van Kolck, J., Newbold, T., Noonan-Mooney, K., Regan, E.C., Rondinini, C., Sumaila, U.R., Teh, L.S., Walpole, M., 2014. A framework to identify enabling and urgent actions for the 2020 Aichi Targets. Basic And Applied Ecology15(8):633-638.

Tittensor, D.P., Walpole, M., Hill, S.L.L., Boyce, D.G., Britten, G.L., Burgess, N.D., Butchart, S.H.M., Leadley, P.W., Regan, E.C., Alkemade, R., Baumung, R., Bellard, C., Bouwman, L., Bowles-Newark, N.J., Chenery, A.M., Cheung, W.W.L., Christensen, V., Cooper, H.D., Crowther, A.R., Dixon, M.J.R., Galli, A., Gaveau, V., Gregory, R.D., Gutierrez, N.L., Hirsch, T.L., Höft, R., Januchowski-Hartley, S.R., Karmann, M., Krug, C.B., Leverington, F.J., Loh, J., Lojenga, R.K., Malsch, K., Marques, A., Morgan, D.H.W., Mumby, P.J., Newbold, T., Noonan-Mooney, K., Pagad, S.N., Parks, B.C., Pereira, H.M., Robertson, T., Rondinini, C., Santini, L., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Schindler, S., Sumaila, U.R., Teh, L.S.L., van Kolck, J., Visconti, P., and Ye, Y., 2014. A mid-term analysis of progress towards international biodiversity targets. Science346, 241–244.

Schmitz, O.J., Raymond, P.A., Estes, J.A., Kurz, W.A., Holtgrieve, G.W., Ritchie, M.E., Schindler, D.E., Spivak, A.C., Wilson, R.W., Bradford, M.A., Christensen, V., Deegan, L., Smetacek, V., Vanni, M.J., Wilmers, C.C., 2014. Animating the carbon cycle. Ecosystems344–359.

Heymans JJ, M Coll, S Libralato, L Morissette and V Christensen. 2014. Global patterns in ecological indicators of marine food webs: a modelling approach. PLoS ONE9(4): e95845.

Merrie, A., DC Dunn, M Metian, AM Boustany, Y Takei, AO Elferink, Y Ota, V Christensen, PN Halpin, H Österblom. 2014. An ocean of surprises - Human use trends, unexpected dynamics and governance challenges in the global marine commons. Global Environmental Change, 27:19-31.

Neira, S., C. Moloney, L.J. Shannon, V. Christensen, H. Arancibia, A. Jarre. 2014. Assessing changes in the southern Humboldt in the 20th century using food web models. Ecological Modelling278: 52-66.

Neira S., C. Moloney, V. Christensen, P. Cury, L. Shannon, H. Arancibia. 2014. Analysing changes in the southern Humboldt ecosystem for the period 1970-2004 by means of dynamic food web modelling. Ecological Modelling, 274:41-49.

Coll, M., J. Navarro, R.J. Olson & V. Christensen. 2013. Assessing the trophic position and ecological role of squids in marine ecosystems by means of food web models. Deep Sea ResearchII 95: 21-36.

Hoover, C., T Pitcher, V Christensen. 2013. Effects of hunting, fishing and climate change on the Hudson Bay marine ecosystem: I. Re-creating past changes 1970–2009. Ecological Modelling, 264:130-142.

Hoover, C., T Pitcher, V Christensen. 2013. Effects of hunting, fishing and climate change on the Hudson Bay marine ecosystem: II. Ecosystem model future projections. Ecological Modelling, 264:143-156.

Österblom, H, A Merrie, M Metian, WJ Boonstra, T Blenckner, JR Watson, RR Rykaczewski, Y Ota, JL Sarmiento, V Christensen, M Schlüter, S Birnbaum, BG Gustavsson , C Humborg, C-M Mörth, B Müeller-Karulis, MT Tomczak, M Troell, and C Folke. 2013. Modeling social-ecological scenarios in marine systems. BioScience, 63(9):735-744. P

avés, HJ, HE González, V. Christensen. 2013. Status, structure, and functioning of the pelagic communities in the North Chilean Patagonian coastal system. Hydrobiologia, 717(1):85-108. S

teenbeek, J., M Coll, L Gurney, F Mélin, N Hoepffner, J Buszowski, V Christensen. 2013. Bridging the gap between ecosystem modelling tools using geographic information systems: driving a food-web model with spatial-temporal primary production data. Ecological Modelling, 263:139-151. T

ecchio, S., M. Coll, V. Christensen, JB Company, E Ramírez-llodra, F. Sardà. 2013. Food web structure and vulnerability of a deep continental slope ecosystem of the NW Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 75:1-15. T

orres, MÁ, M Coll, JJ Heymans, V Christensen, I Sobrino. 2013. Food-web structure and fishing impacts on the Gulf of Cadiz marine ecosystem (South-western Spain). Ecological Modelling265:26-44. A

hrens, R. N. M., Walters, C. J., and Christensen, V. 2012. Foraging arena theory. Fish and Fisheries13: 41–59. C

isneros-Montemayor, A.M., Christensen, V., Arreguin-Sanchez, F., Sumaila, U.R., 2012. Ecosystem models for management advice: An analysis of recreational and commercial fisheries policies in Baja California Sur, Mexico. Ecol. Model. 228, 8–16. C

oll, M., C. Piroddi, C. Albouy, F. Ben Rais Lasram, W.W.L. Cheung, V. Christensen, V.S. Karpouzi, F. Guilhaumon, D. Mouillot, M. Paleczny, M.L. Palomares, J. Steenbeek, P. Trujillo, R. Watson, & D. Pauly. 2012. The Mediterranean Sea under siege: spatial overlap between marine biodiversity, cumulative threats and marine reserves. Global Ecology and Biography, 21(4): 465-480. F

ouzai, N., M. Coll, I. Palomera, A. Santojanni, E. Arneri, & V. Christensen. 2012. Fishing management scenarios to rebuild exploited resources and ecosystems of the Northern-Central Adriatic (Mediterranean Sea). J. Mar. Syst.102-104, 39–51. F

orrestal, F., M. Coll, D. Die, and V. Christensen. 2012. Ecosystem effects of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus) aquaculture in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea. MEPS, 456: 215–231 M

elnychuk, M.C., Walters, C.J., Christensen, V., Bothwell, M.L., and Welch, D.W. 2012. Effects of solar ultraviolet radiation exposure on early ocean survival and fry-to-smolt growth of juvenile salmon. MEPS 457: 251–264. M

elnychuk, M.C., V. Christensen, and C.J. Walters.. 2012. Meso-scale movement and mortality patterns of juvenile coho salmon and steelhead trout migrating through a coastal fjord. Environmental Biology of Fishes96 (2-3): 325-339. M

orissette, L., Christensen, V. and Pauly, D., 2012. Marine mammal impacts in exploited ecosystems: would large-scale culling benefit fisheries? PLoS ONE7( 9): e43966 N

ascimento, Marcela C., Gonzalo Velasco, Thomas A. Okey, Villy Christensen, and A. Cecília Z. Amaral. 2012. Trophic model of the outer continental shelf and upper slope demersal community of the Southeastern Brazilian Bight. Scientia Marina, 76(4): 763-779. A

rias-González, J.E., González-Gándara, C.J., Cabrera, L., and Christensen, V. 2011. Predicted impact of the invasive lionfish Pterois volitans on the food web of a Caribbean coral reef. Environmental Research11 1:917-925. C

hristensen, V., J. Steenbeek, P. Failler. 2011. A combined ecosystem modeling and value chain approach. Ecological Modelling22 2:857-864. P

iroddi, C., Bearzi, G., Christensen, V., 2011. Marine open cage aquaculture in the eastern Mediterranean Sea: a new trophic resource for bottlenose dolphins. Mar.Ecol.Prog.Ser. 440, 255–266.

Espinosa-Romero, M.J., E.J. Gregr, V. Christensen, C. Walters, and K.M.A. Chan. 2011. Representing mediating effects and species reintroductions in Ecopath with Ecosim. Ecological Modeling 222: 1569-1579. T

remblay-Boyer, L., Gascuel, D., Watson, R., Christensen, V., & Pauly, D. 2011. Modelling the effects of fishing on the biomass of the world’s oceans from 1950 to 2006. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 442: 169–185.

Piroddi, C., Bearzi, G., Gonzalvo, J., Christensen, V. 2011. From common to rare: the case of the Mediterranean common dolphin. Biological Conservation, 144(10): 2490-2498.

Brown, C. J., Fulton, E.A., Hobday, A.J., Matear, R., Possingham, H., Bulman, C., Christensen, V., Forrest, R., Gehrke, P., Gribble, N., Griffiths, S., Lozano-Montes, H., Martin, J., Metcalf, S., Okey, T., Watson, R., and Richardson, A.J. 2010. Effects of climate-driven primary production change on marine food webs: implications for fisheries and conservation. Global Change Biology, 16(4):1194-1212.

Christensen, V. 2010. Behavior of sandeels feeding on herring larvae. Open Fish Journal 3: 164-168

Christensen, V. 2010. MEY = MSY. Fish and Fisheries 11(1):105-110.

Ma, H., Townsend, H., Zhang, X., Sigrist, M., and Christensen, V. 2010. Using a fisheries ecosystem model with a water quality model to explore trophic and habitat impacts on fisheries stock: A case study of the blue crab population in Chesapeake Bay. Ecological Modelling, 221(7): 997-1004; (

Colette C C Wabnitz, Balazs, G., Beavers, S., Bjorndal, K.A., Bolten, A.B., Christensen, V., Hargrove, S., Pauly, D., 2010. Ecosystem structure and processes at Kaloko Honokhau, focusing on the role of herbivores, including the green sea turtle Chelonia mydas, in reef resilience. Mar.Ecol.Prog.Ser. 420, 27–44.

Smikle, S. G., Christensen, V., & Aiken, K. A. (2010). A review of caribbean ecosystems and fishery resources using ECOPATH models. Études Caribéennes, (15).

Walters, C., V. Christensen, W. Walters, K. Rose. 2010. Representation of multi-stanza life histories in Ecospace models for spatial organization of ecosystem trophic interaction patterns. Bull. Mar. Sci. 86(2):439-459.

Piroddi, C., Giovanni, B., Christensen, V., 2010. Effects of local fisheries and ocean productivity on the northeastern Ionian Sea ecosystem. Ecol. Model. 221, 1526–1544.

Christensen, V., Z. Ferdaña, J. Steenbeek. 2009. Spatial optimization of protected area placement incorporating ecological, social and economical criteria. Ecological Modelling 220:2583-2593

Christensen, V., Walters, C.J., Ahrens, R., Alder, J., Buszowski, J., Christensen, L.B., Cheung, W.W.L., Dunne, J., Froese, R., Karpouzi, V., Kastner, K., Kearney, K., Lai, S., Lam, V., Palomares, M.L.D., Peters-Mason, A., Piroddi, C., Sarmiento, J.L., Steenbeek, J., Sumaila, R., Watson, R., Zeller, D. and Pauly, D., 2009. Database-driven models of the world’s large marine ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, 220:1984-1996. (doi/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.04.041)

Duan, L.J., Li, S.Y., Liu, Y., Moreau, J. and Christensen, V. 2009. Modeling changes in the coastal ecosystem of the Pearl River Estuary from 1981 to 1998. Ecological Modelling 220:2802-2818.

Heymans, J.J., U.R. Sumaila, V. Christensen. 2009. Policy options for the northern Benguela ecosystem using a multi-species, multi-fleet model. Progress in Oceanography 83:417-425. (doi/10.1016/j.pocean.2009.07.013)

Melnychuk, M.C. and V. Christensen. 2009. Methods for estimating detection efficiency and tracking acoustic tags with mobile transect surveys. J Fish Biol., 75:1773-1794.

Neira, S., C. Moloney, P. Cury, C. Mullon, and V. Christensen. 2009. Mechanisms affecting recovery in an upwelling food web: the case of the southern Humboldt. Progress in Oceanography 83:404-416. (doi/10.1016/j.pocean.2009.07.007).

Wilson, R.W., F.J. Millero, J.R. Taylor, P.J. Walsh, V. Christensen, S. Jennings & M. Grosell. 2009. Contribution of fish to the marine inorganic carbon cycle. Science 323: 359-362.

Freire, K.M.F, Christensen, V., Pauly, D. 2008. Description of the East Brazil Large Marine Ecosystem using a trophic model.Scientia Marina72(3): 477-491

Gascuel, D., Morissette, L., Palomares, M.L.D. and Christensen, V., 2008. Trophic flow kinetics in marine ecosystems: Toward a theoretical approach to ecosystem functioning. Ecological Modelling, 217: 33-47.

Guénette, S, Christensen, V, Pauly, D. 2008. Trophic modeling of the Peruvian upwelling ecosystem: towards reconciliation of multiple datasets. Progress in Oceanography, 79(2-4): 326-335 (doi/10.1016/j.pocean.2008.10.005).

Walters, CJ, R. Hilborn, V. Christensen. 2008. Surplus production dynamics in declining and recovering fish populations. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 65:2536-2551 (doi:10.1139/F08-170).

Walters, C, Martell, SJD, Christensen, V, and Mahmoudi, B. 2008. An Ecosim model for exploring ecosystem management options for the Gulf of Mexico: implications of including multistanza life history models for policy predictions. Bull. Mar. Sci.83(1): 251-271.

Christensen, V., Aiken, K.A., Villanueva, M.C. 2007. Threats to the ocean: on the role of ecosystem approaches to fisheries. Social Science Information: 46(1): 67-86.

Freire, K.M.F., Christensen, V., Pauly, D. 2007. Assessing fishing policies for northeastern Brazil. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences2(2): 113-130.

Heymans, J.J., Guénette, S., and Christensen, V. 2007. Evaluating network analysis indicators of ecosystem status in the Gulf of Alaska. Ecosystems: 10(3):488-502

Melnychuk, M.C., Welch, D.W., Walters, C.J., and Christensen, V. 2007. Riverine and early ocean migration and mortality patterns of juvenile steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from the Cheakamus River, British Columbia. Hydrobiologia582:55-65.

Walters, C and V. Christensen. 2007. Adding realism to foraging arena predictions of trophic flow rates in Ecosim ecosystem models: shared foraging arenas and bout feeding. Ecological Modelling209:342-350.

Guénette, S., Heymans, J. J., Christensen, V., and Trites, A. W. 2006. Ecosystem models show combined effects of fishing, predation, competition, and ocean productivity on Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 63:2495-2517

Libralato, S., V. Christensen and D. Pauly. 2006. A method for identifying keystone species in food web models. Ecological Modelling, 195:153-171.

Daan, N., V. Christensen and P. Cury (Eds.) 2005. Quantitative Ecosystem Indicators for Fisheries Management. ICES Journal of Marine Science62(3):308-615. (Special issue)

Sherman, K., Sissenwine, M., Christensen, V., Duda, A., Hempel, G., Ibe, C., Levin, S., et al. 2005. A global movement toward an ecosystem approach to management of marine resources. Marine Ecology Progress Series300, 275-279.

Walters, C. J., Christensen, V., Martell, S. J., and Kitchell, J. F. 2005. Possible ecosystem impacts of applying MSY policies from single-species assessment. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62(3):558-568.

Christensen, V., and J. Maclean, (Eds.) 2004. Placing fisheries in their ecosystem context. Ecological Modelling172(2-4):102-438, (Special issue)

Christensen, V. and C. J. Walters. 2004. Ecopath with Ecosim: methods, capabilities and limitations. Ecol. Model. 172:109-139

Christensen, V. and C. J. Walters. 2004. Trade-offs in ecosystem-scale optimization of fisheries management policies. Bull. Mar. Sci., 74(3):549-562 K

avanagh, P., N. Newlands, V. Christensen and D. Pauly. 2004. Automated parameter optimization for Ecopath ecosystem models. Ecol. Model. 172:141-149

Shannon, L. J., Christensen, V., and Walters, C. 2004. Modelling stock dynamics in the southern Benguela ecosystem over the last twenty five years. African Journal of Marine Science, 26: 179-196

Christensen, V., Guénette, S., Heymans, J. J., Walters, C. J., Watson, R., Zeller, D. and Pauly, D. 2003. Hundred-year decline of North Atlantic predatory fishes. Fish and Fisheries4: 1-24.

Pauly, D., J. Alder, E. Bennett, V. Christensen, P. Tyedmers and R. Watson. 2003. The future for fisheries. Science, 302:1359-1361.

Pauly, D., V. Christensen, S. Guénette, T.J. Pitcher. U.R. Sumaila, C.J. Walters, R. Watson and D. Zeller. 2002. Towards sustainability in world fisheries. Nature418, 689 - 695.

Beattie, A., Sumaila, U. R., Christensen, V., and Pauly, D. 2002. A model for the bioeconomic evaluation of marine protected area size and placement in the North Sea. Natural Resource Modeling, 15(4):413-437.

Christensen, V. 2000. Indicators for marine ecosystems impacted by fisheries. Mar. Freshwater Res. 51:447-450

Pauly, D., V. Christensen, and C.J. Walters. 2000. Ecopath, Ecosim and Ecospace as tools for evaluating ecosystem impact of fisheries. ICES J. of Marine Science57: 697-706

Walters, C.J., J.F. Kitchell, V. Christensen and D. Pauly. 2000. Representing density dependent consequences of life history strategies in aquatic ecosystems: Ecosim II. Ecosystems3: 70-83.

Walters, C., D. Pauly and V. Christensen. 1999. Ecospace: prediction of mesoscale spatial patterns in trophic relationships of exploited ecosystems, with emphasis on the impacts of marine protected areas. Ecosystems2: 539-554.

Christensen, V. 1998. Fishery induced changes in a marine ecosystem: insights from models of the Gulf of Thailand. Journal of Fish Biology53 (Supplement A): 128-142.

Christensen, V. and D. Pauly. 1998. Changes in models of aquatic ecosystems approaching carrying capacity. Ecological Applications, 8(1): S104-S109.

Pauly, D., A. Trites, E. Capuli, and V. Christensen. 1998. Diet compositions and trophic levels of marine mammals. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 53: 467-481.

Pauly, D., R. Froese and V. Christensen. 1998. How pervasive is "fishing down marine food webs": response. Science282 (5393): 1383a, 1998 November 20.

Pauly, D., V. Christensen, A. Dalsgaard, R. Froese, and J. Torres. 1998. Fishing down marine food webs. Science279 (5352): 860-863.

Trites, A. D. Pauly and V. Christensen. 1997. Competition between fisheries and marine mammals for prey and primary production in the Pacific Ocean. J. North West Atl. Fish. Sci. 22: 173-187.

Walters, C., V. Christensen and D. Pauly. 1997. Structuring dynamic models of exploited ecosystems from trophic mass-balance assessments. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries7:139-172.

Christensen, V. 1996. Managing fisheries involving top predator and prey species components.Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 6:417-442.

Christensen, V. 1996. Virtual Population Reality. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 6: 243-247. C

hristensen, V. 1995. A model of trophic interactions in the North Sea in 1981, the Year of the Stomach. Dana11(1):1-19.

Christensen, V. 1995. Ecosystem maturity - towards quantification. Ecol. Modelling. 77:3-32.

Dalsgaard, J.P.T., C. Lightfoot, and V. Christensen. 1995. Towards quantification of ecological sustainability in farming systems analysis. Ecol. Engineering, 4: 181-189.

Pauly, D., and V. Christensen. 1995. Primary production required to sustain global fisheries. Nature: 374:255-257.

Christensen, V. 1994. Emergy based ascendency. Ecol. Modelling. 72: 129-144.

Christensen, V. 1994. On the behavior of some proposed goal functions for ecosystem development. Ecol. Modelling. 75/76: 37-49

Christensen, V. and D. Pauly. 1992. ECOPATH II - A software for balancing steady-state ecosystem models and calculating network characteristics. Ecol. Modelling61:169-185.

Munk, P. and V. Christensen. 1990. Larval growth and drift pattern and the separation of herring spawning groups in the North Sea. J. Fish Biol. 37:135-148.

Munk, P., Kioerboe, T., and Christensen, V. 1989. Vertical migrations of herring, Clupea harengus, larvae in relation to light and prey distribution. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 26(2):87-96.

Kioerboe, T., Munk, P., Richardson, K., Christensen, V., and Paulsen, H. 1988. Plankton dynamics and larval herring growth, drift and survival in a frontal area. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 44(3):205-219.

Munk, P., Christensen, V., and Paulsen, H. 1986. Studies of a larval herring (Clupea harengusL.) patch in the Buchan area. 2. Growth, mortality and drift of larvae. Dana, 6:11-24

b) Conference Proceedings

Christensen, V., Amorim, P. A., Diallo, I., Diouf, T., Guénette, S., Heymans, J. J., Mendy, A. N., Ould Taleb Ould Sidi, M. M., Palomares, M. L. D., Samb, B., Stobberup, K. A., Vakily, J. M., Vasconcellos, M., Watson, R., and Pauly, D., 2004. Trends in fish biomass off Northwest Africa, 1960-2000. In: Chavance, P., M. Ba, D. Gascuel, M. Vakily, & D. Pauly (Eds.) Marine Fisheries, Ecosystems, and Societies in West Africa: Half a Century of Change. pp. 377-386, IRD, Paris

Pitcher, T. J., Heymans, S. J. J., Ainsworth, C., Buchary, E. A., Sumaila, U. R., and Christensen, V., 2004. Opening the lost valley: implementing a 'Back to the Future' restoration policy for marine ecosystems and their fisheries. In: Sustainable Management of North American Fisheries. pp. 165-193, Ed. by E. E. Knudsen, D. D. MacDonald, and J. K. Muirhead, American Fisheries Society Symposium, Vol. 43.

Jarre-Teichmann, A. and V. Christensen. 1998. Comparative modelling of trophic flows in four large upwelling ecosystems: global vs. local effects. P 423-443 in. Durand, M.-H., P. Cury, R. Mendelssohn, C. Roy, A. Bakun, and D. Pauly (eds.) Global vs. Local Changes in Upwelling Ecosystems. Proc. of the first CEOS symposium, 5-9 September 1994, Monterey, CA. Orstom, Paris.

Pauly, D., F.C. Gayanilo, Jr., R. Froese and V. Christensen. 1995. Software tools for management of tropical aquatic resources. p. 90-102 in G.T. Sakagawa (ed.) Assessment methodologies and management. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress, Theme 5. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Christensen, V. and D. Pauly, eds. 1993. Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 26, 390 p. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), Manila; International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES), Copenhagen; and Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA), Copenhagen.

Christensen, V., and D. Pauly. 1993. Flow characteristics of aquatic ecosystems, p. 338-352. In V. Christensen and D. Pauly (eds.) Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 26, 390 p.

Christensen, V. and D. Pauly. 1993. On steady-state modelling of ecosystems, p. 14-19. In V. Christensen and D. Pauly (eds.) Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 26, 390 p.

Moreau, J., V. Christensen and D. Pauly. 1993. Analysis of African lakesusing a multispecies trophic model: the example of Lake George, Uganda, p. 124-129. In V. Christensen and D. Pauly (eds.) Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 26, 390 p.

Ruddle, K. and V. Christensen. 1993. An energy flow model of the mulberry dike-carp pond farming systemof the Zhujiang Delta, Guangdong Province, China, p. 48-55. In V. Christensen and D. Pauly (eds.) Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 26, 390 p.

Pauly, D. and V. Christensen. 1993. Graphical representationof steady-state trophic ecosystem models, p. 20-28. In V. Christensen and D. Pauly (eds.) Trophic models of aquatic ecosystems. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 26, 390 p.

c) Other

Brotons, L., V. Christensen, N.H. Ravindranath, M. Cao, J.H. Chun, O. Maury, P.L. Peri, V. Proença and B. Salihoglu. 2016. Modelling impacts of drivers on biodiversity and ecosystems. In IPBES, 2016: Methodological assessment of scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services [S. Ferrier, K. N. Ninan, P. Leadley, R. Alkemade, L. A. Acosta, H.R. Akçakaya, L. Brotons, W.W.L. Cheung, V. Christensen, K. A. Harhash, J. Kabubo-Mariara, C. Lundquist, M. Obersteiner, H. Pereira, G. Peterson, R. Pichs-Madruga, N. Ravindranath, C. Rondinini and B.A. Wintle (eds.)], Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, p 119-157

IPBES. 2016. The methodological assessment report on Scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. S. Ferrier, K.N. Ninan, P. Leadley, R. Alkemade, L. A. Acosta, H.R. Akçakaya, L. Brotons, W.W.L. Cheung, V. Christensen, K. A. Harhash, J. Kabubo-Mariara, C. Lundquist, M. Obersteiner, H. Pereira, G. Peterson, R. Pichs-Madruga, N. Ravindranath, C. Rondinini and B.A. Wintle (eds.) Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany. 309 pages.

IPBES. 2016. Summary for policymakers of the methodological assessment of scenarios and models of biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. S. Ferrier, K. N. Ninan, P. Leadley, R. Alkemade, L.A. Acosta, H. R. Akçakaya, L. Brotons, W. Cheung, V. Christensen,K. A. Harhash, J. Kabubo-Mariara, C. Lundquist, M. Obersteiner, H. Pereira, G. Peterson, R. Pichs-Madruga, N. H. Ravindranath, C. Rondinini, B. Wintle (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany. 32 pages.

De Mutsert, K., J.H. Cowan, J. Steenbeek, and V. Christensen. 2017. Chapter 14: The use of Ecospace in determining hypoxia effect on fish and fisheries. Pp 377-400 inJ. Dubravko, K.A. Rose, R. D. Hetland, and K. Fennel (eds.). Modeling Coastal Hypoxia: Numerical Simulations of Patterns, Controls and Effects of Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics. Springer, New York.

Kok, M., Alkemade, R., Bakkenes, M., Boelee, E., Christensen, V., van Eerdt, M., van der Esch, S., Janse, J., Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S., Kram, T., Tanya Lazarova, Linderhof, V., Lucas, P., Mandryk, M., Meijer, J., van Oorschot, M., Teh, L., van Hoof, L., Westhoek, H., Zagt, R., 2014. How sectors can contribute to sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity. CBD Technical Series No 79.

Christensen, V., and A.W. Trites. 2011. Predation on Fraser River sockeye salmon. Cohen Commission Tech. Rept. 8: 120 p.

pBL. 2010. Rethinking Global Biodiversity Strategies. Exploring structural changes in production and consumption to reduce biodiversity loss. A contribution to the project on The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB). Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). 168 p. (Main author)

Watson, R., J. Alder, V. Christensen and D. Pauly. 2005. Mapping global fisheries patterns and their consequences. Part I,2 In: D.J. Wright and A. Scholz (eds). Place Matters – Geospatial Tools for Marine Science, Conservation and Management in the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. 272 pp.

Pauly, D., J. Alder, E. Bennett, V. Christensen, P. Tyedmers and R. Watson. 2003. The future for fisheries p. 29-36 In: D. Kennedy et al. (eds.) Science Magazine’s State of the Planet, 2006-2007. AAAS, Washington, DC.

Pauly, D., and V. Christensen. 2002. Chapter 10: Ecosystem Models. p. 211-227 in P. Hart and J. Reynolds, editors. Handbook of Fish and Fisheries, vol. 2. Blackwell Science.

Christensen, V. and D. Pauly. 2001. Coral reef and other tropical fisheries. p. 534-538 in J.H. Steele, S.A. Thorpe and K.K. Turekian (Editors). Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press.